A Complete Guide to Customer Experience Journey Mapping

Everything you need to know about customer experience journey mapping: best practices, expert tips and a step-by-step guide.

A customer experience journey map illustrates all of the touchpoints a customer has with a brand as they weave through the marketing funnel across all of the brand’s channels. And this map is key to improving customer experience.

You can inform your organization’s entire decision-making process by learning what customers want and need. But mapping isn’t something you only do once — you should optimize and refine these maps continuously to adapt to changes in your customers, the market as a whole and your company.

This article will look at how brands can successfully create and implement a customer journey map, including best practices, tips for success and a step-by-step guide.

Best Practices for Customer Journey Mapping

Dave Dabbah, CMO of Robocorp, an automation software provider, views the customer experience journey map as a way to visualize a product or service from the customer’s point of view.

A map lets brands focus on how customers experience a product or service. This information can help companies better connect with consumers on an individual level and improve brand reputation.

One mistake that brands tend to make, however? Not focusing enough on the customer. “Remember that the customer journey map is about the customer’s perspective, not your product,” said Dabbah. “Keep this fact top-of-mind when you’re building one out.”

In his former position as CMO of CleverTap, Dabbah said they focused on five elements of customer journey maps: personas, actions, timeline, channels and feelings/expectations/questions. “This will vary based on your company, but aim to focus on the who, what, when, where, why and how a customer interacts with your brand throughout the day.”

  • Personas: General groups of customers based on demographics and psychographics.
  • Actions: What the user does at each touchpoint.
  • Timeline: The process of going through the touchpoints and phases of the journey.
  • Channels: Which of the brand’s channels the customer is currently on for any given touchpoint.
  • Feelings/Expectations/Questions: The emotional state the customer is experiencing at any given touchpoint.

Let’s break it down a little further.


Personas are where we try to figure out who the customer is and their interests. “This is laying the initial groundwork for the relationship,” said Dabbah.

You’ll want to use data and feedback from existing customers and prospects to build these personas. You can also use tools, such as lookalike audiences, to widen your pool of information. Lookalike audiences analyze your current target audience and find other people with similar demographics, interests, etc.

Use surveys that hone in on customer goals and expectations and ask questions about purchase intent and customer support. Once you’ve established a number of personas, narrow your focus to the most common or relevant ones to create the most useful map.


Now it’s time to assess what actions your customers take. How do they behave across various touchpoints? What content do they interact with? Do they reach out for help to understand a product or prefer to conduct their own research? How many steps does a customer take, from learning about your product to making a purchase?

Understanding the motives and emotions behind each action your customers take is also important. What is the problem each action is trying to solve? What pain point is each action addressing?

Take a look as well at when your customers stop taking action. For example, when do they abandon a shopping cart? At what point do they click away from a video? Here you may discover obstacles keeping customers from moving forward.


The next step is to analyze the timeline the customer operates on. When are they actively engaging with the product or service? Do they prefer brand communications in the morning or the evening?

Make sure you look for customer interactions across all touchpoints to understand customer timelines. “This helps a marketer better understand when their message will land most effectively,” said Dabbah. “This is a crucial step because timely and relevant marketing creates a more dynamic experience for the user and prevents you from coming off tone-deaf or spammy.”

Channel Engagement

The focus then shifts to channel engagement. Marketers should pay close attention to the channels customers use to interact with their brand.

“If they prefer in-app engagement, hit them there,” Dabbah recommended. “If they are active on the website, make sure to provide lines of communication with a chatbot, hotline number and/or contact box.”

It’s easy to focus solely on your website. But remember that customers will interact with your brand across multiple channels, including:

  • Social media
  • Third-party review sites
  • Email
  • Messaging apps
  • SMS

Google Analytics can reveal how potential customers reach out to you, allowing you to determine which channels matter most to the customer journey.

Feelings, Expectations and Questions

Finally, and most importantly, carefully consider the customer’s feelings, expectations and questions to understand why they did or didn’t purchase a product or service.

“Did the product fall short, or was the buyer experience poor or inconsistent?” asked Dabbah. “This is where opening up channels for customer feedback is key. Find out how you could have done better. Improve your future communications and show them you’re listening.”

Jill Grozalsky Roberson, senior director of product marketing at Sitecore, said customer experience journey mapping is essentially about a brand putting itself in its customers’ shoes.

“They need to be empathetic and work to truly understand their customers long before they try to market or sell to them,” she said. “This can take shape through a number of sources, including analyzing data for patterns of behavior, mapping and analyzing the customer journey or undertaking customer research where organizations interact with customers to understand their concerns and ideas.”

The greater understanding and empathy a brand has with its customers, the more it can improve the customer’s experience. By mapping the customer journey, brands can determine what their customers actually want rather than what brands think they want. This accuracy can reveal new insights.

“With customer journey maps, brands can better empathize with customer needs and offer the right content, information, guidance, etc., when they need it — perhaps even in new and surprising ways,” said Roberson. “Ideally, every company should imagine the customer journey from their customers’ points of view and try to bring them to life.”

Related Article: The Key to CX Success? Planning the Entire Customer Journey

Practical Advice for Customer Experience Journey Mapping

Each company’s customer journey maps will be unique to the brand, its products and services and its customers. Once you master the mapping process, the next step is to make sense of the insights and analytics gained, as the data from customer feedback is useless if you don’t understand it.

Here are a few key points to focus on when digesting data:

Eliminate Unneeded Interactions

Think of the customer effort score (CES) that’s part of every voice of the customer (VoC) program. How hard does the brand make it for the customer to do business with them? Is the process so frustrating or lengthy that customers give up and leave? Are there extra steps within the journey that you can eliminate?

Focus on the Negative and Positive

The pain points in the customer journey are not likely to be forgotten, as they create a negative emotional connection. Eliminating or reducing pain points in the journey should be one of the top goals of journey mapping.

“Of course, focus on the negative experiences — it will be the best way to understand and fix major issues,” suggested Dabbah. “However, don’t discount the positive experiences. They can paint a clear roadmap of what is working and what a business can do to keep creating positive experiences.”

Build Upon Successes

Again, creating a positive emotional connection can leave a customer feeling they made a wise purchasing decision. It provides them with a positive emotional experience, which enhances customer loyalty and increases the net promoter score (NPS), turning customers into brand advocates.

Reduce Omnichannel Friction

The customer experience journey should be consistently exceptional across all of a brand’s channels. For instance, say a customer places an order on a brand’s mobile app and then calls customer service. Their experience should move from one to the other without the need to reenter information.

Dabbah said that “companies need to be aligned and consistent in their presentation and messaging on every single channel. Customer journey maps can help businesses pinpoint any channels that are causing friction, where customers get stuck or stop interacting with the brand altogether.”

Optimize Time Spent at Each Stage

If the customer has to spend more time than they’d prefer on any given task, it will affect the customer effort score, which looks at how easy it is to do business with a brand.

“As customers navigate a variety of digital experiences, understand the timing of their engagement with your brand, product or service,” said Dabbah. “Was the process quick and easy? Are they spending an excessive amount of time on one aspect? Is there a correlation between time spent and product purchased? Timing data is a phenomenal indicator of how customers feel about your brand and can show areas to improve.”

Expert Tips for Successful Journey Mapping

Journey mapping can look different depending on your industry, brand, products and services and even physical location. However, there are a few tips from experts that can apply to most journey mapping strategies.

Embrace Emotions, Start Early

A 2021 Iterable survey revealed that 76% of US and UK respondents are more likely to purchase from a brand they have an emotional connection to — a number that increases with younger generations (85% among millennials and 90% among Gen Zers).

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